Tendonitis – Causes, symptoms and the best treatment
Do you feel localized pain in any area of your body where there is a tendon like the elbows, hands or ankles? Do you feel a bit swollen area? Because it is more than secure that you can be suffering from tendinitis.
Tendinitis is the inflammation of the fibrous structure that joins muscle to the bone, known as tendon. Normally also produces the swelling of the tendon.
Tendinitis is considered a chronic disease, because once a person suffers from it, it is normal the frequently falls, causing more pain and also the area around the joint becomes more sensitive.
Discover all what you need to know about the tendinitis:
- The causes:
Tendinitis happpens in the majority of the cases by muscle overload or an injury that can be produced by the repetitive stress, for example. Currently, the index of people that suffer from tendinitis has increased, as consequence of repetitive works and efforts, or the realization of sports that also requires much effort.
Another cause of tendinitis may be due to some pathology or because the age. With the pass of the time the tendons are degenerating and losing elasticity,so that makes them more propitious to suffer tendinitis. The pathologies that can trigger tendinitis include rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes both type 1 as the 2.
The areas more common where usually the tendinitis is present, is in places where there are joints, as elbows, shoulders, wrists or heels.
Also as a result of an ongoing trauma by small damages, makes the area more vulnerable to suffer a tendinitis.
Aside from injuries, overload and pathologies can be other causes that can cause tendinitis, for example, tendinitis Achilles (tendinitis in the area of the heel) can happen for using certain type of shoes continuously.
How do I know if I have tendonitis? Therefore keep in mind the most common symptoms of tendinitis are:
-The constant pain located in the area of the joint. It may also have swelling.
-Much pain when makes movements.
-Pain even at night, when barely are movements.
Types of tendinitis are different depending on the area where there have been happened. Below we show you some of the most frequent cases:
Compression of shoulder or rotator cuff tendinitis. We must distinguish the tendinitis of the compression, in the case of tendinitis is the tendon that is sufferingdamage, and for compression, reduced the gap between the acromion (shoulder bone) and the tendon and bone pushes to the tendon. This type of tendinitis is frequent starting from those 40 years and also in people that practice sports as the baseball, the climbing, the swimming or the tennis, and also in people whose work repetitive you forces to lift the arm.Tendinitis Achilles or tendinitis in the heel. The Achilles tendon is also frequent tendinitis area, in this case the importance of keeping the foot immobilized is really high, because the tendon that connects the muscles of the leg with the heel, supports a lot of pressure and may break easily. It is frequent in athletes, and basket players, although also it can happend while walking long distances. In old people occurs as a result of arthritis.Elbow tendinitis. We can find two types of tendinitis in the elbow: medial epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow) and lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). The first happens due to the overload of extensor tendons of the arm from the elbow, and the other one happens due to overload or force movements of wrist, damaging tendons that reach to the elbow. Although this type of tendinitis is related with tennis players, also this tendinitis can be produced by other causes, as a coup located, and also people that frequently make works of gardening or with screwdrivers manual, and even people that often load briefcases. Don’t forget repetitive jobs requiring bending your arm constantly…Spring finger or spring thumb. This type of tendinitis happens when is inflamed the heath of the tendon, leaving locked the thumb or releasing it suddenly because this inflammation not leaves that the finger flex and stretch properly. Wrist tendinitis. It is very frequent, and affects to the tendons of the muscle ulnar located in it previous part of the wrist. It is common in people overloading much hands, holding weight or doing repetitive work with them. It is also common in people who spend lot of time writing on the computer. In addition, it happens due to age and other general causes that we have seen previously.
Tendinitis is diagnosed very easily without any specific tests such as x-rays. We must only look at the location of the pain and the heat given off by the affected area, as well as swelling. The treatment to cure tendinitis will be based on the pain and reduce the inflammation of the tendon. To do this there are several things:
Stand for the maximum possible the area affected. We could even use a splint, a band or an immobilizer that you could remove and rest a little. Is logical if you leave the area inmovilized and stop making efforts the tendon will lower the swelling.
In terms of medication it is normal that your doctor tell you that you can take acetylsalicylic acid, such as aspirin and ibuprofen, these medications will help you not only with the pain but it will also act to reduce the inflammation.
In cases very serious, it can be put injections of corticosteroids in the sheath of thetendon affected, always according to the valuation and the management of a doctor. However, Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation is more effective and less invasive than the injection of steroids, according to the results of a recent study.
Is recommended that once the pain has been eliminated or has considerably decreased, go to a physiotherapist to do some exercises to strength the muscles and the tendons what will give a best healing and also will come well to try to avoid suffering another tendinitis.
Surgery. Surgery is only used in very specific and very serious cases in which it is necessary to clean the affected area, as well as lowering inflammation. If it were a very chronic case may remove part of the inflamed tissue and tendon that is compressing.
What do you need
After a diagnosis of tendinitis, you need to rest the area, use bands or immobilizers and medications for pain and inflammation.
- Drink much water. Staying well hydrated is essential, and it is also true in the case of tendinitis prevention, already the vascular system of the zone will function properly.
- If tendinitis is caused by overload of continuous movements try to change your habits to avoid continuing with lesions.
- Rests are need to cure the tendinitis properly. The continuous appearance of tendinitis will damage the tissue and it is possible that the tendon will break at some point. Break may also appear by an inflammation that has lasted too long.
- To avoid the tendinitis when make some sport heats very well all the parts of the body, especially those that are going to suffer more effort during the exercise.
- If you do physical exercises of force it is better to alternate times of effort with times of breaks to avoid damage. to avoid damage.